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date: 19 June 2021

Cultural Competencelocked

Cultural Competencelocked

  • Terry L. CrossTerry L. CrossNational Indian Child Welfare Association


Cultural competence emerged as a concept in the 1980s, took form as a set of organizational, educational, advocacy, policy, and practice constructs in the 1990s, and has since matured into a broad rubric that addresses social justice and service delivery quality, equity, access, and efficacy for people and groups of diverse backgrounds. Cultural competence has become an essential element of social work at every level of the field, from direct practice to social policy. The evolution of cultural competence and its role in social work is examined and summarized in this entry.


  • Race, Ethnicity, and Culture

Updated in this version

Updated to reflect latest discussions on cultural competency including criticisms, challenges,and alternative perspectives. The bibliography has been expanded and updated.

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