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date: 04 July 2022

forum Boariumfree

forum Boariumfree

  • John Patterson


  • Roman Material Culture

Forum Boarium, the area of ancient Rome bounded by the Capitol, Palatine, and Aventine hills, adjacent to the Tiber island, named (according to Varro, Ling 5. 146) after the city's cattle market (see markets and fairs). Its importance as a commercial and port area from an early date is reflected both by the 8th-cent. bce Greek pottery found here, and the presence of cults with Greek (and Phoenician) associations such as that of Hercules at the Ara Maxima; here too were the temples of Fortuna and Matuta Mater, and Portunus.


  • F. Coarelli, Il Foro Boario (1988).
  • L. Richardson, A New Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome (1992), 162–164.
  • F. Coarelli, in M. Steinby (ed.), Lexicon Topographicum Urbis Romae (1993–2000), 2: 295–297.
  • F. Coarelli, Rome and Environs: an Archaeological Guide (2007), 307–321.