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date: 23 April 2024


, Thracian peninsula


, Thracian peninsula
  • Eugene N. Borza


A long, narrow peninsula forming the European side of the *Hellespont (Dardanelles). Running generally in an east–west direction, it connects the sea of Marmara with the Aegean. It was noted in antiquity for its fertility and for its strategic location as a crossing between Europe and Asia. Several Greek cities lay along the protected southern (Hellespontine) shore, leaving no doubt about their ability to control sea traffic through the straits. It was settled by Aeolian and Ionian Greeks in the 8th and 7th cents. bce. Private Athenian interest commenced in the late 7th cent., with settlers involved in both local agriculture and trade and in the growing Greek commerce with the Black (*Euxine) Sea. By the 5th cent. the Athenian state took an official interest in protecting the grain trade, and a number of Chersonese cities became tributary states in the Athenian empire (see delian league).


  • Ancient Geography

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