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date: 17 June 2024

decurioneslocked

decurioneslocked

  • A. N. Sherwin-White,
  • Arnold Hugh Martin Jones
  •  and Tony Honoré

Extract

Decuriones were the councillors who ran Roman local government in both colonies and municipalities (see municipium), Latin and Roman. They did so as members of the local council (senatus, in the later empire *curia (1); hence decuriones were then also called curiales). They were recruited mainly from ex-magistrates and held office for life. The list of councillors was revised every five years. The qualifications included criteria of wealth, age, free birth, and reputation. The minimum age was 25, reduced by *Constantine I to 18. Members of influential families could however be made honorary members even if they lacked the standard qualifications. The number of councillors varied, but was often 100. They controlled the public life of the community, its administration, and finances, including the voting of honorary decrees and statues. They had charge of its external relations, including the sending of embassies and petitions to the emperor or provincial governor. The local popular assemblies did little apart from electing magistrates.

Subjects

  • Roman Law

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