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date: 05 February 2023

Eryxlocked

Eryxlocked

  • Howard Hayes Scullard,
  • Arthur Geoffrey Woodhead
  •  and R. J. A. Wilson

Extract

An Elymian settlement and a mountain (Monte San Giul-iano: 751 m. (2,460 ft.) above sea-level) above Drepana (mod. Trapani) in western Sicily. An attempt by *Dorieus to establish a settlement (Heraclea) in the neighbourhood failed. Dependent on *Segesta in the 5th cent. bce, Eryx was occupied later by the Carthaginians, though temporarily seized by *Pyrrhus (278 or 277). Phoenician masons' marks are found on the defensive walls, and Punic legends appear on the coinage from the 4th cent. Phoenician associations are also indicated by the rite of sacred *prostitution in the cult of Astarte-*Aphrodite-Venus on the acropolis rock. The Elymian settlement was evacuated in 259 during the First Punic War, and the inhabitants were transferred to Drepana. L. Iunius seized Eryx and established a fort on the lower slopes to isolate Drepana (249). *Hamilcar (2) Barca captured the town but not the temple or the lower fort (244); thus he failed to relieve Drepana, although maintaining his position until 241.

Subjects

  • Ancient Geography

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