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date: 30 May 2024



  • Eugene N. Borza


Lemnos, an island of the northern *Aegean Sea, about halfway between the Chalcidic peninsulas (see chalcidice) and the coast of *Asia Minor. Its volcanic activity lay behind the myth that it was the foundry of *Hephaestus, although recent studies suggest that Lemnos' fumarole fields with their smoke, vapours, and burnt earth, rather than actual volcanic cones and eruptions, have characterized the island's geology during human history. Lemnos had an important bronze age culture, and appears in *Homer's Iliad as a provisioning station for the Achaeans at *Troy. The early population was non-Greek. A late 6th-cent. bce inscription in the native Lemnian language (IG 12. 8. 1), now partially deciphered, bears affinities to the *Etruscan language. The earliest Greek inscription is dated to c.500, by which time Lemnos began to receive Athenian colonists led by the younger *Miltiades acting in his capacity as ruler of the Thracian *Chersonesus (1).


  • Ancient Geography
  • Greek Myth and Religion

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