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date: 09 December 2022



  • Arnold Hugh Martin Jones
  •  and Stephen Mitchell


Lycaonia was the name given to the country round Laranda, the region's metropolis during the Roman empire, covering the northern foothills of the Anatolian *Taurus and the southern part of the central Anatolian plateau. The Lycaonians were first mentioned by *Xenophon (1). The area stretched north as far as Iconium, which was generally reckoned to be the last city of *Phrygia, east to *Cappadocia, and adjoined the genuine highland region of *Isauria on the south-west. Since it lay astride the overland route from western Anatolia to the Cilician Gates and Syria, the successive rulers of Asia Minor—*Persian, *Macedonian, *Seleucid, and Attalid (see pergamum)—attempted to control the region and it was part of the Roman province of Asia by 100 bce, before being assigned to the new province of *Cilicia around 80 bce. After the dissolution of Cilicia the area of Derbe and Laranda was controlled by the dynast Antipater (of Macedonian stock, c.


  • Ancient Geography

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