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date: 23 April 2024



  • Walter Eric Harold Cockle


Naucratis (Kōm Ga᾽if), a Greek city in the Saite nome (see nomos(1)) on the east bank of the Canopic branch of the *Nile 83 km. (52 mi.) south-east of *Alexandria (1). It was founded as a trading station in the reign of *Psammetichus I (664–610 bce). Under *Amasis the Hellenion was erected by the Ionians from *Chios, *Teos, *Phocaea, *Clazomenae, the *Dorians of *Rhodes, *Cnidus, *Halicarnassus, *Phaselis, and Aeolian *Mytilene. *Aegina, *Samos, and *Miletus had their own temples in honour of *Zeus, *Hera, and *Apollo. Officials named timouchoi were in charge of the Hellenion. The excavations of Petrie and Gardner (1884–6) and Hogarth (1899, 1903) found great quantities of datable Greek pottery with dedications to the Greek gods. American excavations began in 1977. According to *Strabo, Naucratis was founded by Milesians, who had established the ‘Milesians' Fort’ near the Bolbitine mouth of the Nile.


  • Ancient Geography

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