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date: 03 February 2023

Olympieumlocked

Olympieumlocked

  • Richard Allan Tomlinson

Extract

Olympieum, the temple of *Zeus Olympius at Athens; begun by Antistates, Callaeschrus, and Antimachides, architects employed by *Pisistratus, but abandoned after the latter's death, and the expulsion of his son, *Hippias(1), and not resumed until *Antiochus (4) IV Epiphanes employed the Roman architect Cossutius (see cossutii) to continue the work. It was completed for *Hadrian. The Pisistratean building was planned as a Doric temple. Cossutius changed the order to Corinthian, but in general seems to have adhered to the original plan, dipteral at the sides, tripteral at the ends (Vitr. De Arch. 3. 2). The stylobate measured 41. 11×107. 89 m. (135×355. 75 ft.), and the Corinthian columns were 4. 88 m. (16. 89 ft.) in height. The capitals are carved from two blocks of marble. *Vitruvius says the temple was open-roofed (hypaethral), which may have been true in its unfinished state at that time. It would have been roofed when completed by Hadrian to contain a gold and ivory cult-statue. Hadrian certainly is responsible for the impressive buttressed peribolos wall, decorated with Corinthian columns on its interior, and with a gateway of Hymettan *marble (see hymettus) on its north side.

Subjects

  • Greek Material Culture

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