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date: 31 January 2023



  • Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond


Pangaeus, a mountain in *Thrace, east of *Amphipolis and not far from the coast; it extends for some 25 km. from south-west to north-east, and at its highest point reaches 1,956 m. The name appears first in *Pindar, Pyth. 4. 180, and in *Aeschylus, Persae494; *Herodotus (1) (6. 46; 7. 112) mentions *gold and *silver*mines worked by Thracian tribes and by the islanders of *Thasos, who controlled part of the mainland (‘*peraea’) and in particular a mine at Scapte Hyle. Geologically the higher part of the mountain is not of a metalliferous nature, consisting, as it does, of crystalline white marble. Since 1981 the Greek Geological Institute (IGME) and the Archaeological Ephorate have discovered numerous shafts, smelting furnaces, and metallurgical complexes of ancient times. Their final reports will revolutionize our knowledge of mining in the Pangaeus area. In the mid-6th cent. bce the wealth of the area attracted *Pisistratus of Athens (Ath.


  • Ancient Geography

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