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date: 05 December 2023

Philip (1) II, son of Amyntas, king of Macedon, c. 382–336 bcelocked

Philip (1) II, son of Amyntas, king of Macedon, c. 382–336 bcelocked

  • Manuela Mari


Under Philip II, son of Amyntas III, king of Macedon between 360/59 and 336 bce, one of the greatest transformations in ancient Greek history took place. What had so far been a peripheral area gained hegemony over most of the Greek world. The historical premises for the conquest of the Persian empire and the birth of the Hellenistic world were established, as Philip planned the Greek-Macedonian campaign against Persia, which was led, after his death, by his son Alexander III (“the Great”). Philip left his successors the permanent heritage of a revolutionary military reform, an effective ruling class, and a hegemonic system based on the combination of royal government and civic autonomy.


  • Greek History and Historiography

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