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date: 08 December 2022



  • Stephen Mitchell


A mountainous region of southern Asia Minor which extended from the Pamphylian plain (see pamphylia) to lakes Burdur, Eğridir, and Beyşehir. Protected by difficult terrain the inhabitants of its strongly fortified cities were able to maintain their independence from the Persians and were never effectively controlled by any of the Hellenistic kings. In the late republic Rome preferred to strike deals with individual cities rather than to exercise direct control; *Amyntas (2) the Galatian was made king of Pisidia in 36 bce but the area was not thoroughly controlled until it had been included in the province of *Galatia. To maintain security Augustus founded a group of ‘Pisidian’ colonies in and around the region, including *Antioch (2), Cremna, Olbasa, and Comama, and built a new military road through the region, the *via Sebaste. The most important cities of the Hellenistic period were Termessus, Selge, and Sagalassus; they and smaller centres such as Pednelissus, Adada, Ariassus, Etenna, and Cremna were throughly Hellenized (see hellenism, hellenization), although native cults and the Pisidian language (which was carried west to the Cibyratis by Pisidian settlers in the Hellenistic period, Strabo 13.


  • Ancient Geography

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