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date: 18 April 2024



  • C. B. Mee
  •  and Ellen E. Rice


Rhodes, largest island of the mod. Dodecanese (c. 1400 sq. km.), lying close to the mainland of *Caria.The earlier prehistory of Rhodes is unclear, but by the 16th cent. (LM I) the Minoans (see minoan civilization) had established a settlement at Trianda on the north-west coast, presumably to facilitate trade between *Crete and the eastern Mediterranean. The Minoans were followed in the 14th cent. (LH IIIA1) by Mycenaeans, apparently from the Peloponnese, whose numerous chamber-tomb cemeteries suggest a more thorough colonization of the island. The grave offerings, from the cemetery at *Ialysus in particular, indicate considerable prosperity.Dark-Age Rhodes was settled by *Dorian Greeks who formed three city-states, *Lindus, Ialysus, and *Camirus. Their development in the Archaic period was typical for the time and place: they sent out colonies (*Gela in Sicily and *Phaselis in *Lycia were Lindian foundations), they were ruled by local tyrants, they submitted to Persia in 490.


  • Ancient Geography

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