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date: 18 April 2024

sculpture, Romanlocked

sculpture, Romanlocked

  • Glenys Davies

Extract

Roman sculpture was produced in a variety of materials (bronze, marble, other stones, precious metals, terracotta), but it is *marble that is seen as typically Roman because so much that survives is in this medium. Sculpture was used for commemorative purposes (for display in public and in private contexts, especially the tomb), for state *propaganda, in religious settings, and for decorative purposes, and various different forms were developed: statues and busts, relief friezes and panels, and architectural embellishments.Early sculpture in Rome (e.g. the bronze she-wolf of c. 500 bce) was heavily influenced by *Etruscan work, and Etruscan sculptors would appear to have worked in Rome in the regal period and the early Republic. Rome's contacts with the Greek world, at first with the colonies of southern Italy and later through wars of conquest in Greece and Asia Minor, resulted in a knowledge of and growing taste for Greek sculpture: at first statues arrived as war *booty, but growing demand created a flourishing trade in new work.

Subjects

  • Roman Material Culture

Updated in this version

Bibliography updated to reflect current research; keywords added.

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