- Rosalind Thomas
ExtractAristogiton (Ἀριστογείτων), Athenian tyrannicide. He and Harmodius, both of the family of Gephyraei, provoked, according to *Thucydides (2), by amorous rivalry, plotted along with others to kill the tyrant *Hippias (1) at the Panathenaic festival of 514 bce (see panathenaea) and end the tyranny. The plot miscarried, only *Hipparchus (1) was killed, and the ‘tyrannicides’ were executed.After the expulsion of Hippias in 510 by Sparta and the *Alcmaeonids, the ‘tyrannicides’ were elevated as heroes. Bronze statues of them by *Antenor (2) were erected, probably quite early (Pliny, HN 34. 16–17, gives 510/9); carried off by *Xerxes in 480, they were replaced in 477/6 by a second group by *Critius and Nesiotes; the epigram inscribed on the base was composed by *Simonides (fr. 76 Diehl; SEG 10. 320). Their tomb was placed in the *Ceramicus; the *polemarchos sacrificed annually to them, and their descendants received free meals in the *prytaneion.
- Greek History and Historiography