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date: 30 November 2022



  • Charles Farwell Edson
  •  and Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond


Chalcidice, the triple peninsula projecting from Macedonia, was inhabited originally by the Sithonians (Strabo 7, fr. 10), a branch of Edonian Thracians. Their name survived in ‘Sithonia’, the central promontory between the western ‘Pallene’ and the eastern ‘Acte’. By the early 7th cent. bce the Bottiaei, displaced by the Argead Macedonians from the plain west of the Thermaic Gulf, ‘Bottiaea’ or ‘Emathia’, occupied the NW portion of the peninsula, thereafter known as Bottice. The first Greek colonists from *Chalcis in the 8th cent. dispossessed the Sithonians and founded around 30 settlements, perhaps giving the name ‘Chalcidice’ to the entire peninsula. Eretria founded colonies, e.g. at Dicaea and Neapolis; *Andros at Sane, *Acanthus, and *Stagira; and *Corinth at *Potidaea on the narrow isthmus of Pallene around 600 bce. The Pallene promontory also contained *Mende and *Scione.Followers perforce of *Xerxes, the cities joined the *Delian League and became subjects of imperial Athens.


  • Ancient Geography

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