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date: 28 June 2022


, of Soli in Cilicia, c. 280–207 bce


, of Soli in Cilicia, c. 280–207 bce
  • Julia Annas
  •  and Malcolm Schofield


Chrysippus of Soli in *Cilicia (c. 280–207 bce), succeeded *Cleanthes as head of the Stoa in 232 (see stoicism). He came to Athens about 260 and studied both at the sceptical *Academy, where he learned the importance of argument for and against given positions, and with Cleanthes. In adopting Stoicism he reportedly told Cleanthes that he needed only to know the positions, and would then provide the proofs himself. Another saying had it that ‘if there had been no Chrysippus, there would have been no Stoa’. According to *Diogenes Laertius, who appended a list only partially extant, he was author of 705 books. None survives, but we have numerous excerpts in later (though often unfriendly) authors like *Plutarch and *Galen; and it is generally supposed that the standard accounts of Stoicism in *Cicero, *Arius Didymus and Diogenes himself reflect the system primarily as it was shaped by Chrysippus, eclipsing earlier Stoics other than *Zeno (2), whose views he took pains to preserve and explain.


  • Philosophy

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