- Simon Hornblower
Corinthian War, 395 to 386 bce, fought against Sparta by a combination of Athens, *Thebes (1), *Corinth, Persia, and others. The surface cause was trouble between *Locris and *Phocis in which Thebes and Sparta intervened, the deeper cause was general fear of Spartan expansionism in Asia Minor, central and northern Greece (*Thessaly and perhaps *Macedonia), and even the west (cf. Isoc. 8. 99) where Spartan activity surely annoyed Corinth, *Syracuse's *metropolis. The war was fought at sea (where the battle of Cnidus, August 394, was a decisive blow to Sparta) and on land round Corinth, hence the name; but it is also relevant that the war was conducted by a ‘council at Corinth’, Diod. Sic. 14. 82. It was ended by the *King's Peace.
- Greek History and Historiography