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date: 05 December 2022



  • Franz A. W. Schehl
  •  and John Wilkes


A Roman province on the east coast of the Adriatic north of Epirus, took its name from the Delmatae, a warlike Illyrian tribe, partly Celticized (see celts), who inhabited the region behind *Salonae. At one time they were subject to the Illyrian kingdom (see illyricum) but revolted from Gentius and maintained their independence after his defeat by the Romans (168 bce). Because of their attacks on Roman allies they were invaded by the Romans in 156/5 bce and their capital Delminium (mod. Županac near Duvno) was destroyed. More campaigns are recorded against them in 118/7 and 78/7; in 51 they defeated troops sent against them by *Caesar and during the Civil War they sided with the Pompeians and defeated Caesar's legates Q. *Cornificius and A. *Gabinius (2) (48/7 bce).


  • Ancient Geography

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