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date: 01 October 2022



  • William Allison Laidlaw
  •  and Simon Hornblower


A city of *Euboea. It joined its neighbour *Chalcis in trade in Syria, and colonizing in Italy, Sicily, and the north Aegean. In the late 8th cent. they fought over the Lelantine plain. Swiss excavations have revealed an important cemetery near the west gate, which included a remarkable hero-shrinè; also an interesting temple of *Apollo Daphnephoros. *Aristagoras (1) of Miletus sought its help for the *Ionian Revolt against Persia and in the avenging expedition sent by Darius the city was besieged and burnt. Eretria was in the *Delian League, revolted in 446, but was recovered (IG 13. 39 for the settlement). In 411 it revolted again, with the rest of Euboea (cf. ML 82). A member of the *Second Athenian Confederacy (378–377), it again revolted (349), and subsequently was the victim of Athenian and Macedonian intrigues (see RO 69, 73). In the Second Macedonian War T.


  • Ancient Geography

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