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date: 07 October 2022

Alexander III(3)locked

, 'the Great', of Macedon, 356–323 BCE

Alexander III(3)locked

, 'the Great', of Macedon, 356–323 BCE
  • Albert Brian Bosworth

Extract

Son of *Philip (1) II and *Olympias. As crown prince he was taught by *Aristotle (from 342); he was his father's deputy in Macedon (340) and fought with distinction at the battle of *Chaeronea (338). Philip's last marriage created a serious rift, but a formal reconciliation had been effected by the time of his death (autumn 336), and Alexander was proclaimed king against a background of dynastic intrigue, in which his rivals (notably Amyntas, son of Perdiccas, and the faction of Attalus) were eliminated. A show of force in southern Greece saw him acknowledged Philip's successor as hēgemōn of the League of *Corinth; and in 335, when the Thebans took advantage of his absence campaigning on the Danube and rebelled, he destroyed the city and enslaved the survivors. The exemplary punishment enabled him to leave the Greek world under the supervision of *Antipater (1) with little fear of revolt, while he turned to the war of revenge against Persia.

Subjects

  • Greek History and Historiography

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