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date: 30 November 2022

Herod (2) Antipaslocked

Herod (2) Antipaslocked

  • Jan W. van Henten

Extract

Herod Antipas or simply Antipas was the second son of Herod the Great and Malthace from Samaria (Joseph. BJ 1.562; AJ 17.20–21), which made Antipas a full brother of Archelaus; according to other passages, however, Malthace seems to have been Archelaus’s but not Antipas’s mother (Joseph. AJ 17.189, 219–225, 250; cf. BJ 2.14, 20–21, 39).1 Appointed by Augustus, he ruled as tetrarch over Galilee and Peraea, a non-adjacent territory across the Jordan, from 4bce to 39ce. The name “Antipas” was common in the Herodian family, and Antipas added the dynastic name “Herod” after the banishment of his (half-)brother Archelaus to Gaul in 6ce.Antipas’s date of birth is debated (between 25bce and 20bce or even later). He was educated in Rome together with his (half-)brother Archelaus and half-brother Philip from 14 to 7/6 bce (Joseph. AJ 17.20–21). He married a daughter of the Nabataean king .

Subjects

  • Jewish Studies

Updated in this version

Article rewritten to reflect current scholarship.

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