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date: 27 November 2022

Hieron (1) Ilocked

, tyrant of Syracuse, 478–466 bce

Hieron (1) Ilocked

, tyrant of Syracuse, 478–466 bce
  • Brian M. Caven

Extract

Hieron (1) I, regent at *Gela for his brother *Gelon (485–478 bce), and tyrant (see tyranny) of *Syracuse (478–466); fought at *Himera (480), and married the daughter of *Anaxilas(1). Having narrowly avoided war with *Theron, over Himera and domestic issues, he married (thirdly) Theron's niece. He intervened in Italiot affairs, protecting *Locri Epizephyrii against Anaxilas, offering aid to *Sybaris against *Croton, defeating the *Etruscans at sea in alliance with *Cumae (474), colonizing *Pithecusae (mod. Ischia), and strengthening his influence in *Rhegium and *Messana. He completed the subjugation of the Ionian cities of the east coast of Sicily, destroying *Naxos(2) and *Catana (Catania) and resettling their inhabitants in *Leontini. He refounded Catana, adding territory taken from the Sicels, renaming it *Aetna (2), and establishing his son Deinomenes as regent.

Subjects

  • Greek History and Historiography

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