- Christiane Sourvinou-Inwood
ExtractIphigenia, the daughter of *Agamemnon and *Clytemnestra (or, according to the less common version, of *Theseus and *Helen (cf. e.g. Duris, FGrH 76 F 92; Stesichorus fr. 191 Davies, PMGF; Nicander in Ant. Lib. 27)). *Artemis demanded her sacrifice as the price for sending a fair wind to the Greeks waiting at *Aulis to sail for Troy. In some versions (cf. Cypria, argumentum Bernabé, PEG p. 41; Kinkel, EGF p. 19) Artemis was angry because Agamemnon had killed a deer—and boasted that he was a better hunter than Artemis. In another version he had killed a sacred goat kept in Artemis' grove and made the same boast (Cypria fr. 23 Bernabé, PEG; cf. Soph. El.566–9). In a less common version it is the non-fulfilment of a vow that caused Artemis' wrath; in *Apollodorus(6) (Epit. 3. 21) it was caused both by Agamemnon's boasting and by the fact that *Atreus had not sacrificed the golden lamb to her, though he had vowed to sacrifice to her the most beautiful animal in his flocks (Epit.
- Greek Myth and Religion