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date: 03 December 2022



  • Tim Cornell


Ancient Latium was a region whose borders only partly coincide with those of modern Lazio. Ancient sources make a useful distinction between Old Latium (Latium Vetus), the land of the ancient *Latini, bounded to the north-west by the rivers *Tiber and *Anio and to the east by the *Apennines and the Monti Lepini, and Greater Latium (Latium Adiectum), which included the territory of the *Hernici, *Volsci, and *Aurunci, and extended south-eastwards as far as the borders of *Campania. Under *Augustus Latium (Adiectum) was combined with Campania to form the first of the fourteen regions of Italy. Physically Latium Vetus consists of a coastal plain (the name is connected etymologically with latus, ‘broad’) with mountainous spurs extending towards the sea from the Apennines. The defensible hilltop sites provided by these outcrops were occupied by the earliest human habitations, which developed into substantial settlements during the iron age. Latium Vetus is dominated by the volcanic complex of the Alban hills, whose summit, the *Albanus mons, rises to nearly 1,000 m.


  • Ancient Geography

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