Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Oxford Classical Dictionary. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 27 November 2022

Magna Graecialocked

Magna Graecialocked

  • H. Kathryn Lomas

Extract

Magna Graecia (Gk. Megalē Hellas), the coastal region of *Italy colonized by the Greeks. Definitions varied widely, but most usually it refers to the region between *Cumae and *Tarentum (Serv. on Aen. 1. 569). *Strabo (6. 1. 2) includes Sicily, but others exclude both Sicily and Campania (FGrH 566 F 13; Plin.HN 3. 95; ps.-Scymnus 303). Early sources (Pind.Pyth. 1. 146; Eur.Med.439–40) use it to refer to the entire Greek world, not specifically to Italy, while *Justin (20. 1) includes the whole of Italy in the definition. The colonies, founded between c.740 (Cumae) and 433 bce (*Heraclea(1)), prospered on the strength of fertile land and trade. In the 4th cent., pressure from the rapidly expanding Oscan peoples of Apennine Italy brought the Greeks into conflict with the Lucani (see Lucania) and *Bruttii.

Subjects

  • Ancient Geography

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Access to the full content requires a subscription