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date: 01 October 2022



  • John Buckler


Oropus, a major city in SE *Boeotia. Much of the Oropia is hilly, but Oropus itself dominates both a small plain in the Asopus valley and a harbour (see M. M. Austin no. 83: greedy customs-collectors). Remains of the city are scanty, consisting of traces of a circuit-wall, agora, and scattered tombs. Prominent, however, is the healing sanctuary of *Amphiaraus, who legend said was swallowed up there on his exile from Thebes. Oropus was a notorious bone of contention between *Thebes(1) and *Athens, despite the fact that it was geographically an extension of the plain of *Tanagra. It enters history as a subject of Athens (Thuc. 2. 23). In 411 bce*Eretria and Oropians handed the city to Boeotia, only to have Athens regain control of it until 402 bce, when Thebes again annexed it. It came again under Athenian control probably after the *King's Peace, but Thebes recovered it in 366 bce.


  • Ancient Geography

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