- Richard Allan Tomlinson
Pella, city of *Macedonia, situated beside the river Lydias, navigable from Pella to the sea (Livy 44. 46; Strabo 7. fr. 20), at the crossroads where the route down the Axius valley meets the *via Egnatia. Known to *Herodotus (1) (7. 123) and *Thucydides (2) (2. 1. 4), it was developed by *Archelaus (2) and became the largest Macedonian city (Xen. Hell. 5. 2. 13). Recent excavations have revealed besides cemeteries dating from the time of Archelaus the layout of its grid street-plan, of wide streets with a regular covered system of drains. Excavated houses are single storey, built on a most generous scale. The agora, approached by a broad street, covers 70,000 m2 (84,000 sq. yds.), surrounded by continuous colonnades. In the northern part of the city, the remains of a royal palace (see palaces) have been found.
- Ancient Geography