- Tessa Rajak
Antipater (6), father of *Herod (1) the Great, dominated the politics of Palestine for a generation and paved the way for Herod. A wealthy Idumaean, he had close contacts with the monarchy of the *Nabataeans. From 67 bce, he promoted Hyrcanus, the heir to the kingdom of the *Hasmoneans, who had abandoned his claim in favour of his brother Aristobulus, but who, after civil war, was in 63 installed as high priest by Pompey. Services to Roman generals culminated in 48 in Antipater's provision, to Caesar at *Alexandria (1), of Jewish, Arab, and Syrian troops, as well as personal military assistance. Antipater's reward was to be *procurator in *Judaea and a Roman citizen. His sons, Phasael and Herod, governed *Jerusalem and *Galilee. In 43, he helped C. *Cassius Longinus (1) to raise money in Judaea, but was poisoned at the instigation of the Arab Malichus.
- Greek History and Historiography