- Nicholas Geoffrey Lemprière Hammond
ExtractPotidaea, a Corinthian colony (see corinth; colonization, greek), founded c.600 bce for trade with *Macedonia and along the line of the later *via Egnatia. It struck coins from c.550 bce. A strongly fortified port, it withstood a siege by Artabazus (480–479). It joined the *Delian League; but its connection with Corinth, which supplied its annual chief magistrate, rendered it suspect to Athens. After an increase of its tribute to fifteen talents (434 bce) it revolted (432), but although it received help from *Peloponnesus it was reduced in 430. Athenian cleruchs (see cleruchy) occupied the site until 404, when it passed to the Chalcidians (see olynthus). It was recovered by Athens in 363 and received another cleruchy in 361; but in 356 it fell into the hands of *Philip (1) II of Macedon. It was perhaps destroyed in the Olynthian War (348); but it was refounded by *Cassander under the name of Cassandreia (c.
- Ancient Geography