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date: 03 October 2022



  • Herbert Jennings Rose
  •  and J. N. Bremmer


Proetus, the first king of Tiryns, who quarrelled with his brother *Acrisius in their mother's womb. See also bellerophon; letters, greek. The only other important myth, which is fragmented into various local traditions, concerns his daughters, the Proetides. These insulted the statue of *Hera (*Acusilaus, FGrH 2 F 28), or refused the rites of *Dionysus (Hes. fr. 131). They were driven mad by the offended deity and wandered about the country ‘with all sorts of indecent behaviour’. In particular, they took themselves for cows and roamed the *Peloponnesus mooing. *Melampus (1), being asked to heal them, demanded a share of the kingdom; this was refused, and they went madder still, now being joined by all the other women who had killed their own children. Finally, Proetus agreed to Melampus, although his terms had been raised. The women were then caught by Melampus and a band of youths at Sicyon and cured, except one, Iphinoe, who had died.


  • Greek Myth and Religion

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