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date: 11 August 2022

Apulialocked

Apulialocked

  • H. Kathryn Lomas

Extract

Apulia (mod. Puglia), a region of SE Italy corresponding to Augustan *Regio II, bounded by the valleys of the Bradano and Tiferno. Regio II also included a part of *Samnium which was not Apulian in culture (Plin. HN 3. 99–104). It is geographically diverse, with lagoonal and marshy coastal regions and a high plateau, the Tavoliere, in the north. Ethnically, it included the *Daunians, Peucetians, and *Iapygians (Lat. Sallentini). These were Messapian in language and culture (see messapic; messapii), and part of a cultural *koinē which included strong Greek and Illyrian influences. Many cities have Greek foundation legends, issued Greek-style coinage, and adopted Greek styles and techniques in architecture and civic development. Some of the northerly Daunian cities also show Oscan influence. The Apuli, after whom the region is named, were a distinct group settled near mons *Garganus, who had cultural similarities with their Daunian neighbours but were Oscan-speakers (Strabo 6. 3. 11). Apulia was one of the most densely urbanized regions of Italy. Economically, southern Apulia was reliant on agriculture and trade with Greece and Illyria, while the Tavoliere was a *wool-producing area.

Subjects

  • Ancient Geography

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