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date: 27 November 2022


, Spartan general, d. 391 bce


, Spartan general, d. 391 bce
  • Stephen Hodkinson


Thibron (1) (d. 391 bce), Spartan general. He was sent to Ionia in 400 bce to protect the Asian Greek cities from the Persian *satrap*Tissaphernes. Deficient in siege-equipment and cavalry, he captured Magnesia but failed at *Tralles and avoided confrontations on level ground until he recruited the survivors of *Cyrus(2)'s Greek mercenaries in spring 399. He won over Pergamus (the later *Pergamum) and some minor cities of Aeolis, took others by storm, but failed again at ‘Egyptian’ Larissa. Ordered to attack *Caria, he was soon replaced by *Dercylidas and exiled for allowing his troops to plunder Sparta's allies. Apparently subsequently recalled, he was sent again in 391 to Asia Minor to operate against the anti-Spartan satrap Strouthas. He was surprised and killed, however, in an enemy cavalry attack on his ill-organized raiding party. He may be the Thibron mentioned by *Aristotle (Pol.


  • Greek History and Historiography

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