- Eric William Gray
- and Barbara Levick
ExtractTigranes (1) II, 'the Great', son of Tigranes I (App. Syr.48) (or of Artavasdes I). Shortly after 100 bce he was set on the throne of *Armenia by the Parthians (with whom he had been a hostage for some years; see parthia ) in return for the cession of ‘seventy valleys’ (Strabo 532). He rapidly consolidated his power, forming an alliance with *Mithradates VI of Pontus, whose daughter, Cleopatra, he married. The interference of the two kings in *Cappadocia led to Roman intervention and a démarche by *Sulla . Tigranes turned his attention to expansion at the expense of Parthia, temporarily weakened by invasions on its eastern frontier. He ravaged *Media as far as *Ecbatana and Assyria as far as *Media Atropatene , and *Osroëne . In 83 he occupied *Syria, *Phoenicia , and *Cilicia , ejecting warring *Seleucid rivals.
- Roman History and Historiography