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date: 02 December 2022

Tullius Cicero, Marcus, philosophicalocked

, the famous orator Cicero

Tullius Cicero, Marcus, philosophicalocked

, the famous orator Cicero
  • John Hedley Simon
  •  and Dirk Obbink

Extract

Apart from the treatises on rhetoric, an important part of the Hellenistic philosophical curriculum (though see below), these fall into two parts:(a) the writings on political philosophy and statecraft of the years immediately preceding Cicero's governorship of Cilicia, and(b) the works on epistemology, ethics, and theology (standing in the place of physics) which were produced in the incredibly short period between February 45 and November 44. Cicero gives a list and account of his own philosophical writings at De divinatione 2. 1.In the De republica, a dialogue between P. *Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus , C. *Laelius(2) , and others, of which we have only parts of the six books (including the Somnium Scipionis, preserved as a whole by *Macrobius ), Cicero discusses the ideal state, always with an eye on the history of the Roman republic, and favours a constitution combining elements of all three main forms, monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. His discussion reflects the political conditions of the time and looks to a wise counsellor (for which part Cicero may at one time have cast *Pompey ) as a remedy for Rome's political sickness.

Subjects

  • Philosophy

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