- Antony Spawforth
ExtractCorinth was refounded (44 bce) as a Caesarian colony (see iulius caesar (2), c.), the agricultural aspect of which is stressed by new evidence for rural *centuriation. The original colonists were mainly Roman freedmen, swelled by an influx of Roman businessmen (see negotiatores). By the late 1st cent. ce the colony was a flourishing centre of commerce, administration (see achaia), the imperial cult, and entertainment. At first a self-conscious enclave of Romanitas, it became progressively Hellenized (see hellenism); under *Hadrian it was admitted to the *Panhellenion and Greek replaced Latin as the language of official inscriptions. Lavishly equipped with public buildings, the city survived barbarian attacks by the *Heruli (267 and *Alaric (396 and severe earthquakes in 77 and 521. From the time of St *Paul it was the centre of early *Christianity in Greece.
- Ancient Geography